3D printing is disrupting every industry imaginable, and one of the most impacted industries is construction. Using 3D printing technology, which offers incredible versatility and freedom, allows these manufacturers to create truly exceptional homes.
As 3D printing continues to grip the world, the way we do many things is being revolutionized. Recently, 3D printing technology has begun to change the world of construction, opening up infinite possibilities for the future.
A majority of the companies at the forefront of this industry are innovative startups, which are based all over the world. Countries are embracing and promoting this technology. In fact, Dubai declared that by 2030 a quarter of every new building constructed must use 3D printing technology.
Non-profits, concrete companies, and architects alike are innovating new solutions to global problems while pushing the limits of technology. 3D printing is being used, for example, to produce homes quickly and cheaply, with the goal of eliminating homelessness. It’s creating the possibilities for designers to create homes outside of the standard rectangular shape, and it’s ultimately changing the way we view homes forever.
In 2014, the company WinSun began its quest to produce 3D printed homes.
They printed the first homes on a site in China, setting a very high bar. WinSun printed ten houses in a span of 24 hours – an incredible feat. In addition, each house only cost $4,800 to make, proving how important this technology could be to helping house the poor.
They were also able to use a concrete aggregate, composed partly with recycled waste from previous construction projects. WinSun’s use of 3D printing technology showcases the many different reasons that 3D printed homes have incredible potential. They have grown into a massive international corporation that continues to push the 3D printing construction industry to its limits.
Based in Texas, the nonprofit New Story teamed up with the concrete company Icon to tackle the issue of affordable housing.
Their goal is to provide housing to homeless people around the globe, starting by constructing an entire neighborhood in El Salvador. They are aiming to push the total cost of a house to under $4,000 and be able to complete one home a day. So far, the partnership has managed a proof of concept in Austin, using the Vulcan construction 3D printer.
Worldwide they have already printed 850 homes and they plan to begin their work in El Salvador later this year. Each of the homes will have a bedroom, bathroom, an office space and a living room, as well as plumbing and electricity installed by human workers.
The San Fransisco-headquartered startup Apis Core is making large strides in 3D printing construction technology.
To demonstrate their technology, they created a house in the Russian town of Stupino in December of 2016. What is so incredible about their technology is its versatility and mobility. They were able to print the entire house on site, drastically reducing transportation costs, and they claim their homes can last 175 years.
Apis Cor also believes that in the near future homes may be printed using dual extrusion, allowing the insulation and other main components to be printed alongside the concrete structure.
In addition to this, they have teamed up with the company SEArch+ to compete in a NASA challenge to develop homes that could be printed on Mars. As stated on their website, “Our mission is to create fully autonomous equipment that will be able to print buildings on Earth and beyond.”
The final, and perhaps most ambitious, project is Project Milestone. It is based in the Dutch city of Eindhoven and is being implemented by the Eindhoven University of Technology.
They are planning to create five residential homes this year, which would make them the first commercial 3D printed houses in the world. Because they are entering the commercial world, they have a much larger emphasis on design compared to the other projects.
3D printing is perfect for this, as virtually any design imaginable can be created, freeing architects from the limitations of conventional construction. The company has declared that they will begin with a single story, two bedroom home, then make each house progressively more complex to test the limits of the technology. This initiative is completely unique and undoubtedly will revolutionize architecture forever.
License: The text of "3D Printed Homes – 4 Most Fascinating Projects in 2019" by All3DP is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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