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30 Greatest 3D Printed Houses & Structures in the World

3d printed house

Would you like to live in a 3D printed house? Here are the 30 greatest 3D printed houses and structures in the world right now.

Don’t Miss: Apis Cor 3D Prints a Small House in 24 Hours for $10,000

3D printing has been used to build houses, cabins, offices, pavilions, large-scale structures, and much more. Even though they only existed for a handful of years, there are a vast number of completed projects, ongoing construction jobs, and unique concepts that are driving the industry today. Before we get started with the greatest 3D printed houses and structures in the world, take a glance at the top five advantages of 3D printed houses and structures.

The Top 5 Advantages Of 3D Printed Houses and Structures

  1. Major potential for environmentally friendly construction projects. There are efforts to use the plethora of plastics floating in our oceans or lying around in waste dumps that could be used. Also, concrete and other materials can be better recycled and used more efficiently.
  2. Large-scale industrial 3D printing can be used to build inexpensive 3D printed houses in developing countries.
  3. Enables short construction periods, meaning simple 3D printed houses or shelters can be constructed quickly. This could be especially useful after an earthquake, a tornado, or another type of natural disaster.
  4. Construction 3D printing allows for the production shapes that are either impossible are too expensive with conventional methods.
  5. Otherworldly potential. NASA already has plans to use 3D printing for colonies on Mars. The ESA recently enlisted architect Norman Foster to design a moon research base that would be 3D printed from lunar soil. If and when we ever migrate to another planet, there are good odds that 3D printing will be a primary construction tool.

30 Greatest 3D Printed Houses & Structures in the World

Name Location Specifications Year Of Construction Architect
Urban Cabin Amsterdam, Netherlands 8 square meter floor space, 25-cubic meter in volume 2016 DUS Architects
"Infinite" Landscape House Amsterdam, Netherlands 1,110 square meters Starting in 2017 Dutch architect Janjaap Ruijssenaars and D-Shape
Canal House Amsterdam, Netherlands 16 meters high, 6 meters wide 2017 DUS Architects
Office Building Dubai, United Arab Emirates 240-square meters 2016 Gensler, structural work by Thornton Tomasetti and Syska Hennessy
Villa in China China 400-square meters 2016 HuaShang Tengda
Apartment Building in China Province Jiangsu, China 1,100-square meters 2014 Winsun
Earthquake-Proof Modular Homes China 500-square meter villa 2015 Zhuoda Group
Philippines Hotel North of Manila, Philippines 130 square meters 2015 Lewis Yakich
First 3D Printed Castle Minnesota 3 x 5 meters 2014 Andrey Rudenko
Rise Pavilion Bejing, China 110 square meters, 3.4 meters high, 1.8 tons 2016 Defacto
Shamballa Village Massa Lombarda, North Italy several hundreds of square meters 2016 Wasp
Upstate New York House Upstate New York 2,400 square foot 2014 Adam Kushner
AMIE Demonstration Project Oak Ridge, Tennesse 38 x 12 x 13-foot building attached to hybrid vehicle 2015 Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory
First 3D Printed House In The USA Houston, Texas 8 x 5 x 7 foot structure 2016 Alex Le Roux
Curve Appeal Chattanooga, Tennessee 600-800-square feet Planned for 2017 WATG’s Urban Architecture Studio and Branch Technology
TU Eindhoven Pavilion Netherlands 2 m height, measures approximately 3,5 x 2,5 m 2016 TU Eindhoven University
De Slaapfabriek Conference Room Teuge, Netherlands 90-square meter conference center Expected July 2017 De Slaapfabriek Teuge Hotel and CyBe Construction
Bloom UC Berkeley Campus 9 x 12 x 12 feet 2015 Ronald Rael and UC Berkeley’s College of Environmental Design
Affordable, Sustainable Housing Austin, Texas Unknown Funding still underway Sunconomy and Apis Cor
Winterfell Tower Yekaterinburg, central Russia Two-story security tower, 6 meters high 2016 Yekaterinburg Cement Factory
3D Printed Laboratories Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park in Dubai Dimensions unknown, four sub-laboratories No date announced Convrgnt Value Engineering
3D Printed Chinese Courtyards Shanghai, China 80-square meters and 130-square meters 2016 Winsun
3D Printed Public Restroom Da Yang Mountain, China Covers 500-square meters 2016 Winsun
Project EGG Global Project/Netherlands 16 ft x 13 ft x 10 ft 2014 Michiel van der Kley
Digital Grotesque Switzerland 3.2-meter high, 16-square meter large room 2013 Michael Hansmeyer and Benjamin Dillenburger
Counter Crafting University of Southern California Capable of building 2,000-square foot house Conceptual project Professor Behrokh Khoshnevis
Kooky Cubby Australia Unknown 2017 FMSA Architecture and RMIT
Temple of Heaven Replica Qingdao, China 100-square meters 2014 Qingdao Unique Products Develop Co Ltd
Perth Project Perth, Australia 700-square-foot Not started D-Shape and Luisa Vittadello
VULCAN Pavilion Beijing, China 8-meter long, 3-meter tall 2015 Yu Lei and Xu Feng of Beijing’s Laboratory for Creative Design (LCD)

3D Printed House/Structure #1: Urban Cabin 11 Most Fascinating 3D Printed Houses urbancabin

3D Printed House/Structure Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Specifications: 8 square meter floor space, 25-cubic meter in volume

Year of construction: 2016

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: DUS Architects.

What is it? The 3D printed Urban Cabin is a mini-retreat in the midst of Amsterdam designed and built by DUS Architects. The cabin is a part of a research project focusing on compact and sustainable housing solutions in urban environments. The tiny 3D printed house includes a porch and sofa that transforms into a twin bed. The Urban Cabin was fabricated using FFF 3D printing with sustainable bio-plastic materials. It aims to showcase how 3D printing can offer solutions for disaster relief and temporary functional housing. The tiny house is situated in a former industrial area and takes up only 25 cubic meters. Oh, and for you hygienic folks, there’s also a bathtub outside.

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3D Printed House/Structure #2: "Infinite" Landscape House 3d printed house landscape

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Amsterdam, Netherlands

Specifications: 1,110 square meters

Year of construction: Starting in 2017

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Dutch architect Janjaap Ruijssenaars and D-Shape

What is it? To build this endless “Moebius Strip” building, Janjaap Ruijssenaars plans to use the giant construction 3D printer developed by the Italian firm D-Shape, founded by Enrico Dini. The unique 3D printer will produce 6 x 9-meter sized blocks made of composite sand and binder. The construction will be put together on-site. At the moment, Ruijssenaars is setting up a  small-scale model for potential investors. The shape of this intriguing building was inspired by renowned German mathematicians August Moebius and Johann Listing. The 3D printed house looks like an infinite loop, creating the illusion that you can walk through the building until the end of time. The building will have around 12,000 square feet of floor space and will potentially be used as an exhibition space.

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3D Printed House/Structure #3: Canal House

3D Printed House/Structure Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands

Specifications: 16 meters high, 6 meters wide

Year of construction: 2017

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: DUS Architects

What is it? The 3D Printed Canal House is part of DUS Architects‘ three-year publicly accessible “Research and Design by Doing” project. The international team behind this project is working together to 3D print a full-size canal house in Amsterdam. This house has 13 rooms that each consists of various 3D printed elements. Each room presents a research update in shape, structure, and material. The building will be produced with the KamerMaker 3D printer, which prints the house room by room. Developed by DUS and Ultimaker, the KamerMaker 3D printer is 6 meters tall. The 3D printer uses bioplastics made of 80% of vegetable oil, meaning that the sturdy material is sustainable and melts at a relatively low temperature (170 degrees Celsius).

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3D Printed House/Structure #4: Office Building 3D printed office in Dubai

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Specifications: 240-square meters

Year of construction: 2016

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Gensler, structural work by Thornton Tomasetti and Syska Hennessy

What is it?  This 3D printed office was designed by Gensler for the United Arab Emirates National Committee as the headquarters for the Dubai Futures Foundation. The so-called “Office of the Future” primarily serves as a meeting space for parties from all over the globe. The 3D printed office is a fully functional building featuring electricity, water, and telecommunications and air-conditioning systems.

The 3D printed house was produced by Winsun in their factory in Shanghai, China. After the parts had been printed, they were shipped to Dubai. The project ultimately reduced labor costs by 50 to 80 percent and construction waste by 30 to 60 percent. It is considered the catalyst behind the construction 3D printing revolution happening in Dubai.

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3D Printed House/Structure #5: Villa in China 3d printed house villa in china

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  China

Specifications: 400-square meters

Year of construction: 2016

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: HuaShang Tengda

What is it? The 3D printed two-story villa was created by HuaShang Tengda. Printed on-site, manufacturing the entire 400-square meter villa only took 45 days. HuaShang Tengda first erected the frame of the villa and then proceeded to print concrete over the framing with their custom-built 3D printing system.The walls of the villa are made with 20 tons of C30-grade concrete, measuring 250 mm thickness, making the structure exceptionally durable. Seismic testing estimates found that the 3D printed villa should be capable of withstanding a level eight earthquake on the Richter scale. All in all, the project has helped HuaShang Tengda compete with Winsun.

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3D Printed House/Structure #6: Apartment Building in China 3d printed house 6-story-apartment

3D Printed House/Structure Location: Province Jiangsu, China

Specifications: 1,100-square meters

Year of construction: 2014

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Winsun

What is it? The walls and other structural components for this building were 3D printed off-site. They were then transported to the construction site for assembly. Winsun used their patented “ink,” comprised of construction waste and a hardening agent, to construct the walls. Not only did they utilize recyclable waste for this project, but the material also provided high-quality insulation and strength, making the 3D printed house resistant to earthquakes. According to Winsun, they managed to save 60 percent on material costs, 80 percent on labor costs, and 70 percent of time compared to conventional construction methods.

It’s worth mentioning the serious allegations from 2015 claiming that Winsun stole IP from Contour Crafting, and also was faking results of their ten 3D printed houses.

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3D Printed House/Structure #7: Earthquake-Proof Modular Homes 3d printed houses modular homes

3D Printed House/Structure Location: China

Specifications: 500-square meter villa

Year of construction: 2015

3D Printed House/Structure Architect:  Zhuoda Group

What is it? These dwellings consist of ready-made modules, 90% of them were 3D printed in the Zhuoda Group factory and then shipped to the construction site. Assembling them took three days. According to the company, a 500 square meter villa could be completely built in 15 days. Although Zhuoda would not reveal which material mix that they used to fabricate the 3D printed house modules, they claim that the structures are strong enough to withstand earthquakes up to level 9 on the Richter scale. The company has made bold claims about their project, stating that these 3D printed houses are built to last through wear and tear for 150 years in any environment on earth.

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3D Printed House/Structure #8: Philippines Hotel 3d printed house 3d printed hotel

3D Printed House/Structure Location: North of Manila, Philippines

Specifications: 130 square meters

Year of construction: 2015

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Lewis Yakich, owner of the hotel and material science engineer

What is it? This hotel extension was created at the highly regarded Lewis Grand Hotel in the Philippines. The expansive project includes 3D printed bedrooms, a living room, and a jacuzzi room. The custom-built was developed by Yakich himself, who calls it a “work in progress.” He designed the printer with the help of Andrey Rudenko, who you will learn about very shortly. The 130 square meter extension took over 100 hours to 3D print. Yakich printed the hotel section with sand with volcanic ash, resulting in stronger walls and improved good bonding between layers. He claims that the project will save him 60% on building costs. Sadly, Lewis Yakich mysteriously vanished after a business meeting in 2015 and hasn’t been seen since.

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3D Printed House/Structure #9: First 3D Printed Castle 3d printed house first 3d printed castle

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Minnesota

Specifications: 3 x 5 meters

Year of construction: 2014

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Andrey Rudenko

What is it? This badass 3D printed castle was created by Andrey Rudenko, developer of the 3D Concrete House Printer. Rudenko’s 3D printing system is able to print layers of concrete at just 10 millimeters in height by 30 millimeters in width. This enables exceptional details in each individual layer, especially when it comes to concrete 3D printing. The fine details give the 3D printed castle an incredibly smooth and curvy design. After completing this project in 2014, the innovative maker announced that he would begin printing a full-sized house.

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3D Printed House/Structure #10: Rise Pavilion 3d printed house rise pavillon

3D Printed House/Structure Location: Bejing, China

Specifications: 110 square meters, 3.4 meters high, 1.8 tons.

Year of construction: 2016

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Defacto

What is it? This organically structured 3D printed pavilion was the result of a project fronted by Defacto. It consists of 5,370 pieces, so-called poly-blocks. These were produced on 70 3D printers and took 45 days to complete. The pavilion was made with sustainability in mind, reducing waste by using biodegradable PolyPlus filament no support structures. It weighs a total of 1.87 tons, stands over 11 feet high, and spans more than 1180-square feet. The structure was disassembled after the exhibition that ended on September 6th. According to Defacto, the 5,370 poly-blocks are being repurposed to make flower vases, table lamps, and other useful objects.

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3D Printed House/Structure #11: Shamballa Village 3d printed house shamballa

3D Printed House/Structure Location: Massa Lombarda, North Italy

Specifications: several hundreds of square meters

Year of construction: 2016

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Wasp

What is it? The village of Shamballa will be the first village completely created by a 3D printer. WASP set up one of its giant BigDelta 3D printers to build one house after the other on-site. The 12-meter high BigDelta has to be moved to the next site once a 3D printed house is finished. The 3D printed houses are made from mud or clay and plant fibers for reinforcement. Wasp decided to use material that is locally available instead of concrete because of the low environmental footprint and because of the high insulating properties. Surprisingly, building the first 3D printed house cost only 48 Euro.

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3D Printed House/Structure #12: Upstate New York House Artist rendering

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Upstate New York

Specifications: 2,400 square foot

Year of construction: August 2014 – present

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: D-Shape Enterprises and NYC architect Adam Kushner

What is it? This magnificent 3D printed estate is being built with the help of Italian 3D printing pioneer Enrico Dini, the founder of D-Shape Enterprises. His firm’s state-of-the-art construction 3D printing technology will be used to build a conceptual house designed by NYC architect Adam Kushner. This ambitious project is being erected on a 5-acre property in upstate New York that was purchased by Kushner and his wife. Aside from the 3D printed structure, the property includes a swimming pool, jacuzzi, and car garage.

The D-Shape printing process begins by collecting sand, dust, and gravel. These raw materials are mixed with a magnesium-based binding agent to concoct a printable construction material. This large-scale 3D printer is capable of printing “building blocks” in a 6-by-6 meter cube. The collaborative effort is still ongoing, but the team hopes to complete construction by the end of 2017.

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3D Printed House/Structure #13: AMIE Demonstration Project

3D Printed House/Structure Location: Oak Ridge, Tennesse

Specifications: 38 x 12 x 13-foot building attached to hybrid vehicle

Year of construction: September 2015

3D Printed House/Structure Architect:  Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory

What is it? This one-of-a-kind project consists of more than just a 3D printed house. The Additive Manufacturing Integrated Energy (AMIE) Demonstration was created by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Their aim was to attach a solar-powered building to a hybrid electric vehicle, creating an integrated energy system.

Both the mobile home and car were manufactured by ORNL’s BAAM 3D printer out of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer material. Developed with Cincinnati Inc., this large-scale 3D printer is capable of printing objects as large as 20 x 12 x 6 feet in size.  The solar-powered building was designed by the architecture firm Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill and assembled by Clayton Homes. The 3D printed hybrid vehicle can provide energy to the home at night, while the solar panels provide energy to the vehicle during the day.

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3D Printed House/Structure #14: First 3D Printed House In The USA

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Houston, Texas

Specifications: 8 x 5 x 7 foot structure

Year of construction: June 2016

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Alex Le Roux

What is it? The impressive part about this tiny 3D printed house isn’t the actual structure, but the way it was built. Texas-based engineer Alex Le Roux designed and constructed the Vesta concrete 3D printer while attending Baylor University. Shortly after, Le Roux used an updated version of this printer to build the first livable 3D printed structure in the United States. Using standard portland cement mix, the V2 Vesta 3D printer was able to print .3 feet of material per second. On top of that, only one person is needed to monitor the computer and feed concrete into the printer. The house was funded by Le Roux and the environmentally friendly architecture firm ModEco Development LLC.

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3D Printed House/Structure #15: Curve Appeal

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Chattanooga, Tennessee

Specifications: 600-800-square feet

Year of Construction: Planned for 2017

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: WATG’s Urban Architecture Studio and Branch Technology

What is it? This unbelievable conceptual 3D printed house was created by design consultancy firm WATG’s Urban Architecture Studio. Back in June 2016, the “Curve Appeal” design was awarded first prize in The Freeform Home Design Challenge, a contest hosted by the Chattanooga startup Branch Technology. The prize for this challenge was $8,000 and to have their unique structure constructed starting in 2017.

The 28 different panels that make up the structure are being 3D printed structure off-site. After transporting the pieces to the planned site, the components will be assembled to create two exterior walls, the roof, and interior. The home is specially designed with windows and features to keep the interior at the appropriate temperature throughout the seasons. This conceptual project revolves around the idea of organic structures. Branch Technology will use their C-Fab technology, engineered to manufacture interior walls, elements, ceilings, partitions, and more.

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3D Printed House/Structure #16: TU Eindhoven Pavilion

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Netherlands

Specifications: 2 m height, measures approximately 3,5 x 2,5 m

Year of construction: June 2016

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: TU Eindhoven University

What is it? It may not be a 3D printed house, but this concrete pavilion by the TU Eindhoven University is truly something special. Built by the Dutch company ROHACO, the concrete 3D printer has a 9 x 4.5 x 2.8m build volume. The gigantic machine is equipped with a swivel head connected t0 a concrete mixer and pump unit. The 3D printed pavilion was constructed during a live demonstration, proving that free-form structures can be produced in a time-efficient and environmentally friendly way. This printing process enables builders to produce extremely fine details without the need of complex and pricey molds. In addition to 3D printed pavilion, TU Eindhoven University researchers also produced a watertight bathtub with their concrete 3D printer.  The pavilion was designed, printed, and assembled by Ph.D. candidates Zeeshan Yunus Ahmed and Rob Wolfs.

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3D Printed House/Structure #17: De Slaapfabriek Conference Room

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Teuge, Netherlands

Specifications: 90-square meter conference center

Year of construction: Expected July 2017

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: De Slaapfabriek Teuge Hotel and CyBe Construction

What is it? This conceptual conference room became a reality after De Slaapfabriek hotel owners Arvid and Marjo Prigge raised € 375,000 via the Dutch crowdfunding platform NLInversteert. They aim to use recycled waste materials to 3D print the futuristic meeting room. The one-room building could be one of Europe’s first fully sustainable 3D printed building with zero footprint. In October 2016, the team announced that they intended to start construction in July 2017. Not only will the hotel try to complete the project in only ten days, but they also hope to cut CO2 emissions by 40 percent and waste by 75 percent. The building will be printed by CyBe Construction, along with help from with TU Eindhoven and Revelating.

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3D Printed House/Structure #18: Bloom

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  UC Berkeley Campus

Specifications: 9 x 12 x 12 feet

Year of construction: 2015

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Ronald Rael and UC Berkeley’s College of Environmental Design

What is it? Inspired by Thai flower patterns, this 3D printed concrete pavilion is one of the most stunning structures on UC Berkeley campus. Headed by architecture professor Ronald Rael, the Bloom project was made of 840 custom-printed bricks made from an oxide-free Portland cement polymer material. The different shades of brick create a twirling flower design, while the cracks allow light to seep into the structure. Constructed in March 2015, the UC Berkeley’s College of Environmental Design called Bloom the “first and largest powder-based 3D-printed cement structure built to date.”  Though the structure may no longer be the largest, it can certainly be considered one of the prettiest 3D printed concrete structures around.

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3D Printed House/Structure #19: Affordable, Sustainable Housing

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Austin, Texas

Specifications: Unknown

Year of construction: Funding still underway

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Sunconomy and Apis Cor

What is it? Back in November 2016, the American construction firm Sunconomy announced that they were teaming up with Russian company Apis Cor. The project aims to use Apis Cor’s concrete 3D printer to build affordable and sustainable housing in Austin, Texas. A crowdfunding campaign was launched to support the construction of two “Proof of Concept” buildings. One of these 3D printed houses will be given to a disabled military veteran. The second will become a job training base for the Restore Texas Ministries organization.

Developed by Nikita Chen-iun-tai, Apis Cor’s 3D printing construction system features a robotic crane arm mounted to a rotating base. Measured at just 5.5 x 1 x 1.5 meters, the 3D printer is capable of building structures and houses directly on-site. After constructing the conceptual houses, the next goal to build a 21-acre High Tech Eco Village in Montgomery, Texas.

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3D Printed House/Structure #20: Winterfell Tower

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Yekaterinburg, central Russia

Specifications: Two-story security tower, 6 meters high

Year of construction: September 2016

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Yekaterinburg Cement Factory

What is it? This 3D printed tour is half tourist attraction, half proof that construction 3D printing is the real deal. Back in September 2016, the Yekaterinburg Cement Factory decided to print a two-story replica of the Winterfell Tower from the HBO show Game of Thrones. The printing process utilizes a 3D printer head mounted to a robotic arm. Their concrete 3D printer is capable of printing at a build size of 8m x 8m x 4m. The entire project took just three people to complete, cutting down labor costs and time consumption. Using a fast-setting concrete material, the construction team claims that houses can be printed in a matter of days. Although the tourist attraction was supposed to be completed by September 2016, no photos of the completed project have surfaced as of yet.

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3D Printed House/Structure #21: 3D Printed Laboratories

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park in Dubai

Specifications: Dimensions unknown, four sub-laboratories

Year of construction: No date announced

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Convrgnt Value Engineering

What is it? Known as the pioneer in 3D printing construction, the city-state of Dubai has technologically thrived thanks to their bold 3D Printing Strategy. One of the primary projects in their plans is the 3D printed laboratories in Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park. In September 2016, the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority announced that the local construction firm Convrgnt Value Engineering would be in charge of designed and constructing the labs.

The overall plan is to construct four sub-laboratories, including the Electronics Lab, Prototype Lab, Software Lab, and Mechanical Lab. Not only will the project lead to the world’s first-ever 3D printed laboratory, but it will also be the first 3D printed structure built on site in the United Arab Emirates.

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3D Printed House/Structure #22: 3D Printed Chinese Courtyards

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Shanghai, China

Specifications: 80-square meters and 130-square meters

Year of construction: March 2016

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Winsun

What is it? Winsun finds itself on our list again, this time for the two 3D printed Chinese courtyards the created in 2016. Both garden-style courtyards that are inspired by ancient Suzhou gardens. Along with the 3D printed wiry textured walls, the courtyard also included a gallery, a scenic garden, patterned windows, 3D printed chairs and more. Designed by WinSun chairman Ma YiHe, the concrete 3D printed walls of the courtyard and lined with areas where plants, fruits, and vegetables can be grown. The project is also energy efficient, using an aquaponic system that uses fish feces as plant fertilizer.

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3D Printed House/Structure #23: 3D Printed Public Restroom

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Da Yang Mountain, China

Specifications: Covers 500-square meters

Year of construction: August 2016

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Winsun

What is it? It’s been a pretty long journey through this list! Need a bathroom break? Well, check out the 3D printed public restroom area created by none other than Winsun. The completed 3D printed structure has a modern vibe that’s driven by waverings building design. Amenities include a restroom for men and women, as well as special facilities designated for children and handicapped individuals. The restroom area is surrounded by yellow and green 3D printed leaf sculptures, giving the bathroom a natural aesthetic. The entire project was completed in just one month.

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3D Printed House/Structure #24: Project EGG

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Global Project/Netherlands

Specifications: 16 ft x 13 ft x 10 ft

Year of construction: Completed November 2014

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Michiel van der Kley

What is it? One of the original collaborative 3D printing construction projects, project EGG was technically built by the entire 3D printing community. Started by Michiel van der Kley, the designer used a crowdsourcing approach to help print the 4,760 unique individual ‘stones’ needed to complete the “EGG.” The project was completed in November 2014 and debuted at Dutch Design Week in Eindhoven. 3D printer users simply obtained the STL file from van de Kley, printed the stone, and shipped it to the Netherlands. Almost all of the components were produced with FDM 3D printing, but that doesn’t stop this otherworldly structure from blowing your mind.

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3D Printed House/Structure #25: Digital Grotesque

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Switzerland

Specifications: 3.2-meter high, 16-square meter large room

Year of construction: July 2013

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Michael Hansmeyer and Benjamin Dillenburger

What is it? Way back in 2013, architects Michael Hansmeyer and Benjamin Dillenburger unveiled the world’s first fully 3D printed room. The entire room was constructed with a unique type of 3D printed sandstone. The intricately designed room is inspired by the natural process of cell division. Named Digital Grotesque, the complex project contained over 80 million surfaces, some of which were glazed and gilded. What makes this full-scale ornate room so unique is the use of algorithmically driven design process. To bring the room to completion, the duo worked together with ETH Zurich University’s Computed Aided Architectural Design department.

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3D Printed House/Structure #26: Counter Crafting

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  University of Southern California

Specifications: Capable of building 2,000-square foot house

Year of construction: Conceptual project

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Professor Behrokh Khoshnevis

What is it? Behrokh Khoshnevis is a professor of engineering at the University of Southern California. He wants to solve the world’s housing crisis with 3D printing technology. Not only can the Contour Crafting project potentially help the low-income family with shelter. It could someday be used to build houses on other planets. For the last decade, Khoshnevis has been building a gigantic 3D printer capable of printing an entire home. What makes the Contour Crafting method unique is that it takes into account the conduits for electrical, plumbing, and air conditioning units.

The concrete 3D printer is incredibly fast, able to build a 2,000 square-foot house with all necessary utilities prepared in under 24 hours. Although the technology has not led to any 3D printed houses just yet, his technology is under-developed with NASA’s Innovative Advanced Concepts program.

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3D Printed House/Structure #27: Kooky Cubby

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Australia

Specifications: Unknown

Year of construction: 2017

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: FMSA Architecture and RMIT

What is it? There isn’t much information on the recently developed Kooky Cubby, but we do know that it was designed for the Cubby House Challenge by Kids Under Cover. Among five final entries is a magnificent 3D printed clubhouse called the Kooky Cubby. The structure was created by a team of Australian architects, robot designers, and engineers.

Kooky Cubby was designed by FMSA Architecture and manufactured with 3D printing technology developed by the Architectural Robotics Lab at RMIT University. While the details and specifications remain undisclosed, the structure can be bid on starting at $6,000.

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3D Printed House/Structure #28: Temple of Heaven Replica

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Qingdao, China

Specifications: 100-square meters

Year of construction: Started in 2014, completion date unknown

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Qingdao Unique Products Develop Co Ltd

What is it? It wouldn’t be a good listicle without including a project that is clouded in mystery. In 2014, Qingdao Unique Products Develop Co Ltd revealed their massive 3D printer at the 2014 World 3D Printing Technology Industry Conference and Exhibition in Qingdao. Capable of printing objects up to 12m x 12m x 12m, what truly set this printer apart was its use of graphene glass fiber reinforced plastic material. The giant printer’s first aim was to manufacture a seven-meter high replica of the “Temple of Heaven.” The project was supposed to have 100-square meters in floor space and use 20 tons of material. Strangely enough, there have been no updates on the Temple of Heaven since the printer was revealed almost three years ago.

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3D Printed House/Structure #29: Perth Project

3D Printed House/Structure Location:  Perth, Australia

Specifications: 700-square-foot

Year of construction: Project undisclosed/ Not started

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: D-Shape and Luisa Vittadello

What is it? In 2015, it was reported that an undisclosed Australian entrepreneur was funding the construction of 3D printed houses via D-Shape. The project has been estimated to cost AUD$36,000 for a 65-square-meter house. There’s no word on a starting date for this construction project, but it could be a potential game changer for 3D printed houses. Whoever this entrepreneur is, they can rest easy knowing that they have D-Shape, one of the leaders in construction 3D printing, on their side.

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3D Printed House/Structure #30: VULCAN Pavilion

3D Printed House/Structure Location: Beijing, China

Specifications: 8-meter long, 3-meter tall

Year of construction: October 2015

3D Printed House/Structure Architect: Yu Lei and Xu Feng of Beijing’s Laboratory for Creative Design (LCD)

What is it? Designed by Beijing’s Laboratory for Creative Design (LCD), this breathtaking pavilion is comprised of 1,086 3D printed components. The project took 30 days and 20 large-scale 3D printers to produce and an additional 12 days to put together. Inspired by organic design, the structure takes on the appearance of a mushroom cloud, symbolizing the unpredictable and powerful forces of nature. The silk-like material resembles cocoon structures. To bring it into Beijing Design Week, the gigantic pavilion was divided into three identical modules.

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